## 49 0 Accounting for Revenue Bonds Office of the University Controller

Multiply the \$100,000 by the 5% interest rate and \$5,000 is the amount of interest you owe for year 1. Subtract the interest from the payment of \$23,097.48 to find \$18,097.48 is applied toward the principal (\$100,000), leaving \$81,902.52 as the ending balance. In year 2, \$81,902.52 is charged 5% interest (\$4,095.13), but the rest of the 23,097.48 payment goes toward the loan balance. Figure 13.7 shows an amortization table for this \$10,000 loan, over five years at 12% annual interest. Assume that the final payment will be \$2,774.99 in order to eliminate the potential rounding error of \$1.06.

• Regardless of when the bonds are physically issued, interest starts to accrue from the most recent interest date.
• When bonds are retired prior to maturity with proceeds from a new bond issue, any gain or loss from the early extinguishment should be.
• Par value can refer to either the face value of a bond or the stock value stated in the corporate charter.
• Operating and trade debt is reported at the expected cash flow and is an important exception to the rule that liabilities are recorded at present value.

Valley collected \$5,000 from the bondholders on May 31 as accrued interest and is now returning it to them. Calculating Bond Premium amortized can be done by any of the two methods mentioned above, depending on the type of bond. However, the difference arises in the pace of interest expenses. Bond Expense – Expenses incurred by IU in order to prepare the bond issue amortization of premium on bonds payable for sale including legal fees, rating agency fees, trustee fees, printing and other cost required to issue the bonds. All else has credit balance breh use this to remember Debits vs. Credits. So cash inflow would should be considered a debit, as it increases Assets. The interest expense of a discount bond increases over time due to the increasing carrying value.

## Financial Accounting

This amortization will cause the bond’s book value to decrease from \$104,100 on January 1, 2021 to \$100,000 just prior to the bond maturing on December 31, 2025. Reducing the balance in the account Premium on Bonds Payable by the same amount each period is known as the straight-line method of amortization. A more precise method, the effective interest rate method of amortization, is preferred when the amount of the premium is a large amount. According to the effective interest rate method, the adjustment reflects the reality better. In other words, it reflects what the change in the bond price would be if we assumed that the market discount rate doesn’t change. The Level 1 CFA Exam is approaching, so we have to keep up the pace.

### Is amortization considered an expense?

Amortization is a non-cash expense, which means that it does not require a cash outflow, but it does reduce the asset's value. Therefore, since the expense has already been incurred, the amortization does not affect the company's liquidity. However, the amortization expense is recorded in the income statement.

At issue, you debit cash for the \$1.041 million sale proceeds and credit bonds payable for \$1 million face value. You plug the \$41,000 difference by crediting the adjunct liability account “premium on bonds payable.” SLA reduces the premium amount https://simple-accounting.org/ equally over the life of the bond. In this example, you semi-annually debit the premium on bonds payable by the original premium amount divided by the number of interest payments, which is \$41,000 divided by 10, or \$4,100 per period.

## Amortization of Bond Premiums and Bond Discounts:

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• This occurs when a bond’s coupon rate surpasses its prevailing market rate of interest.
• So, if a bond comes with a face value of \$1,000, and is trading at \$1,080, it offers an \$80 premium.
• The constant yield method is used to determine the bond premium amortization for each accrual period.
• When the bond is paid at maturity, the repayment of \$100,000 includes \$13,770.32 of interest.
• For example, consider an investor that purchased a bond for \$10,150.